EU Commission has officially unveiled the document, that consists of proposed plans to regulate AI, reported WSJ.

According to the EU official, the main purpose of the documents is to ensure Europe leadership position in tech area. For the future success of AI tech in Europe in competition with the US or China, the document proposed to create an ecosystem that consists of 8 components.

It advocates EU-level funding and coordination between states; concentration on strong points, where EU can take leadership positions, like healthcare or space; strong focus on filling the gaps in competence shortages;  ensuring that small and medium enterprises have access to technological advances; governmental partnership with the private sector; promoting AI in public sector; securing access to data; global alliances.

On the other hand, AI poses both material and immaterial risks, and the regulatory framework will be concentrated on “how to minimise the various risks of potential harm”, reads the document. The biggest risks are estimated to be the risks related to fundamental rights, safety and liability-related issues. 

Since the risks are not fully covered with the existing regulation, the government may pose new requirements. The newly enforced requirements could include fulfilling the criteria for training data, record-keeping, information sharing, human oversight and others.

The report details what AI applications can be considered high-risks, and therefore require special regulations, as the applications for remote biometric identification, or intrusive surveillance technologies. “In order to address possible societal concerns relating to the use of AI” in public places, the EU  “Commission will launch a broad European debate on the specific circumstances, if any, which might justify such use, and on common safeguards”.

Until May, the EU government accepts responses from both private and public sector, and both from companies and individuals.  After that the Commission will unveil final document. 

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